In 2005 the Canadian Plains Research Centre, University of Regina Press created the single, largest, educational publishing project in Saskatchewan's history, the Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan, to celebrate Saskatchewan’s centennial anniversary. The encyclopedia was publicly available online until mid-2018. Within this encyclopedia were a significant number of resources that documented Saskatchewan’s numerous Indigenous Peoples’ histories, significant figures and events. With permission from the University of Regina Press, the GMCTL and Indigenous Voices offer these resources on our website as they were originally published.

Our goal in providing these articles is to offer a starting point for the many people who are interested in learning more about the histories of the Indigenous Peoples of Saskatchewan. These great resources are not be perfect examples of historical and contemporary truths, due to the ever-changing nature of truth in Canada, but they do provide a broad overview to answer many questions and to stimulate many conversations. We encourage readers to use these resources with a constructive and critical perspective. If you find something of importance to report, please use the feedback link on each page to let us know.

Enjoy. Mîyowâtam (Cree). Miiyeuwata (Michif).


Acoose, Paul (1885–1978)

Adams, Howard (1921–2001)

Ahenakew, David (1933–)

Ahenakew, Freda (1932–2011)

Ahtahkakoop (c. 1816–96)

Ahtahkakoop First Nation

Almighty Voice (1875–97)

Arcand, John (1942–)



Baker, Lucy (1836–1909)


Beardy’s and Okemasis First Nation

Bellegarde, Perry (1962–)

Big Bear (mistahi-maskwa) (ca. 1825– 88)

Big Bear First Nation

Big Island Lake First Nation (Joseph Big Head)

Big River Cree First Nation

Black Lake Denesuline First Nation

Bold Eagle

Boyer, Bob (1948–2004)

Brass, Eleanor (1905–92)

Brass, Oliver Johnston (1944–97)

Buffalo Narrows

Buffalo River Dene First Nation


Campbell, Maria (1940–)

Canoe Lake First Nation

Carlton Trail

Carry the Kettle First Nation

Chacachas First Nation

Chakastapaysin First Nation

Clearwater River Dene Band

Co-operatives, Northern

Cote First Nation

Cote-Lerat, Margaret (1950–)

Cowessess First Nation


Cree Cosmology

Cree Lake

Cree Religious Ethos

Crowe, Roland (1943–)

Cumberland House First Nation

Cut Knife Hill, Battle of

Cuthand, Beth (1949–)

Cypress Hills Massacre


Dakota / Lakota

Dakota / Lakota Spirituality

Daniels, Harry W. (1940–2004)

Day Star First Nation

Denesuline (Dene)

Denesuline Worldview

Dewdney, Edgar (1835–1916)

Dog Sledding

Dominion Lands Act / Homestead Act

Duck Lake

Duck Lake, Battle of

Dumont Technical Institute

Dumont, Gabriel (1837–1906)


Goodwill, Jean Cuthand (1928–97)

Grab-a-Hoe Indians

Grasses and Grasslands, Native

Grey Owl (Archibald Stansfield Belaney)

Greyeyes, David G. (1914-96)


Halfe, Louise (1953–)

Hatchet Lake Denesuline Nation (Lac la Hache)



Indian Policy and the Early Reserve Period

Indian Teacher Education Program (ITEP)

Indigenous Artists, Contemporary

Indigenous Artists, Traditional

Indigenous Education

Indigenous Education Policy

Indigenous Fishing Rights

Indigenous Health

Indigenous Hunting Rights

Indigenous Justice

Indigenous Justice Enquiry

Indigenous Languages

Indigenous Media

Indigenous Peoples and the World Wars

Indigenous Peoples of Saskatchewan

Indigenous Population Trends

Indigenous Reserve Agriculture to 1900

Indigenous Spiritual Healing Lodge

Indigenous Theatre

Indigenous Treaty Rights

Indigenous Veterans

Indigenous Writers

Island Lake Band (Ministikwan Indian Reserve)


James Smith Cree Nation

Johnstone, Annie (1899–1994)


Kahkewistahaw Band

Kawacatoose First Nation

Keeseekoose First Nation

Kinistino First Nation


LaRocque, Joseph Z. (1881–1964)

Lac la Ronge Indian Band

Lafond, Alphonsine (1926–2000)

Last Mountain Lake

Lavallée, Mary Ann (1920–99)

Libraries, First Nations and Métis

Little Black Bear First Nation

Little Pine First Nation

Longman, Mary (1964–)

Lucky Man Cree First Nation



Makwa Sahgaiehcan First Nation

McKay, James (1828–79)

McLeod, Ida (1920–82)

McLeod, John R. (1922–80)

McNab, Hilliard (1916-90)

Mistawasis First Nation


Montreal Lake Cree Nation

Moosomin First Nation

Morin, Gerald (1961–)

Mosquito, Grizzly Bear’s Head, Lean Man First Nations

Muscowpetung First Nation

Muskeg Lake Cree Nation

Muskoday First Nation

Muskowekwan First Nation

Métis Communities

Métis Culture and Language

Métis Education

Métis Farms

Métis History

Métis Nation–Saskatchewan

Métis Women

Métis and Non-status Indian Legal Issues


Nakota (Assiniboine)

Nekaneet Cree First Nation

Non-status Indians

North-West Resistance

North-West Resistance and First Nations

Northern Cree Court Initiative


Ocean Man First Nation

Ochapowace First Nation

Office of the Treaty Commissioner

Okanese Reserve

One Arrow First Nation

Onion Lake First Nation

Opekokew, Delia


Pasqua (1828–89)

Pasqua First Nation

Peepeekisis First Nation

Pelican Lake First Nation

Peter Ballantyne Cree First Nation

Peter Chapman First Nation

Petit, Claude (1935-)

Pheasant’s Rump Nakota First Nation

Piapot (1816–1908)

Piapot Cree First Nation

Pipe Ceremony

Poitras, Edward (1953–)

Poundmaker (c. 1842–86)

Poundmaker Cree First Nation

Prehistoric Art

Prehistory, Northern Saskatchewan

Prehistory, Southern Saskatchewan


Red Earth First Nation

Red Pheasant First Nation

Reserves, Urban

Residential Schools

Restorative Justice

Riel, Louis “David” (1844–85)


Sainte-Marie, Buffy (Beverly) (1941–)

Sakimay First Nation

Sanderson, Sol

Sapp, Allen (1929–)

Saskatchewan Indian Cultural Centre

Saskatchewan Indian Gaming Authority

Saskatchewan Indian Institute of Technologies


Saulteaux First Nation

Shoal Lake First Nation

Sitting Bull (1836–90)


Standing Buffalo Dakota First Nation

Starblanket First Nation

Starblanket, Noel (1946–)

Steele Narrows, Battle of

Stonechild, Neil

Sturgeon Lake First Nation

Sun Dance

Sutherland, George (fl. 1744–99)

Sweat-lodge Ceremony

Sweet Grass First Nation


The Key First Nation

Tootoosis, Gordon (1941-2011)

Tootoosis, John Baptiste (1899– 1989)

Treaty 10

Treaty 4

Treaty 5

Treaty 6

Treaty 8


Urban Indigenous Population

Urban Reserves


Wahpeton Dakota Reserve

Wanuskewin Heritage Park

Waterhen Lake First Nation

Wheeler, Winona L. (1958–)

White Bear First Nation

Whitecap Dakota First Nation

Witchekan Lake First Nation

Wood Mountain Dakota First Nation

Wood Mountain–Fort Qu’appelle Trail


Yellow Quill First Nation

Young Chipeewayan First Nation (Stony Knoll)