There are good reasons to get involved with Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) at our university. Our University Plan 2025: Strategic Framework aims to “contribute to a sustainable future by fulfilling our Mission of leading interdisciplinary and collaborative approaches to discovery, teaching and outreach."  Further, our Campus Sustainability Plan includes the goal that the “U of S is recognized for leadership in environment and sustainability education,” to make a meaningful contribution to long-term local and global sustainability through ESD.  At the same time, both students and employers are calling for a greater presence of sustainability in higher education curricula.

Steps to consider

A good first step is to familiarise yourself with the key principles of sustainability.  One place to start learning about sustainability is Sustainability 101 on the Office of Sustainability website. Other possibilities are Plymouth University’s ‘Introduction to Sustainability’ or the ColumbiaLearn MOOC ‘The Age of Sustainable Development’

Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) is about the education, teaching and learning needed to ensure social, economic and ecological wellbeing, now and into the future.  Because of the complex nature of sustainability issues, ESD is interdisciplinary, holistic, values-driven, and locally relevant. It is characterised by critical thinking and problem solving.

A useful starting point is to think about key issues in your discipline and how they link with sustainability themes.  ESD is trans-disciplinary so every discipline has something to contribute.

For examples on how specific disciplines can link to sustainability check out the Higher Education Academy’s Future Fit Framework. UNESCOs Sustainable Development Goals provide a framework that breaks sustainability into issue areas that might provide clues to links with key issues in your discipline.  The Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education also has Sustainability Curriculum Resources  which, among other things, provides access to sustainability-focused syllabi from other universities. The University of Saskatchewan is a member of AASHE, but to gain access to these resources you will need to set up an account.

Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) empowers learners to take informed decisions and responsible actions for the 5Ps: dignity of all People, protecting the Planet from degradation through sustainable consumption and production, Prosperity in economic and social terms, Peace free from fear and violence, and Partnership in global solidarity.

A variety of knowledge, skills, and attitudes (KSAs) are needed to support more sustainable ways of living and working - for both students and educators. Effective education for sustainable development happens when both the objectives of the course and the methods of instruction are aligned to be responsive to the needs of planet and people.

Consider which KSAs and outcomes are already in your curriculum and those that might support the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

How have others embedded ESD and the SDGs into their curricula? The Sustainable Development Solutions Network presents a collection of curricular and co-curricular examples in higher education.

What skills do you need to be an ESD educator? The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe resource ‘Learning for the Future’ outlines educator competencies in ESD.

Who can offer support to ESD educators? Since 2006, The University of Saskatchewan has been a Campus Member of The Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education (AASHE) which "enables members to translate information into action by offering essential resources and professional development to a diverse, engaged community of sustainability leaders." this includes education-focused webinars and curricular supports.

The complexity of sustainability invites approaches to teaching and learning which involve participatory and inclusive learning processes, trans-disciplinary collaborations, experiential learning and the use of local environment and community as learning resources. Sustainability pedagogies include role play, simulations, stimulus activities, debates, reflexive accounts, personal development planning and problem-based learning. Consider material you already deliver and explore how making changes to its delivery might enhance sustainability skills in students. There are a number of online resources to help you do this, including Problem-Based Learning: A Case Study of Sustainability Education and the Te Kete Ipurangi website.

The USask Sustainability Workbook can help you think through your course design and how it aligns with both the SDGs and your learning outcomes.

Universities can be excellent examples of organisations working towards greater sustainability. Using university business, facilities and campus as teaching resources can help to raise the profile of sustainability issues and enhance student learning.  Examples include using university environmental performance data in the teaching of statistics, considering institutional procurement policies and practices as a case study for sustainable procurement in a Business class, or exploring food security issues in a Nutrition Class.  The Sustainability Living Lab (USOS, no date) at the University of Saskatchewan can help support this approach by providing assistance and suggesting potential student projects. 

There have also been a number of successful green “Dragon’s Den” competitions used to foster innovation and solutions in this field.

Link informal learning to the formal curriculum through co-curricular activities that bridge the formal and informal spheres (Winter et al, 2012). It is useful to link subject content with initiatives run by the Students’ Union, like its Sustainability Committee, or through USask sustainability student groups or student volunteer opportunities. Other opportunities include work-based learning and independent study modules.

Use your own developing expertise in this area to engage and help others by becoming part of the USask sustainability community. There are a number of ways that you can do this. For instance, you could register for the sustainability specialization of the Gwenna Moss Centre for Teaching and Learning's annual Course Design Institute.  Keep an eye on the Office of Sustainability’s web page or facebook page to stay up-to-date on upcoming sustainability seminars, presentations and events. 

For those who prefer a ‘hands-on’ approach, Work Green (USOS) is a network of campus workplaces committed to sustainability and a Green Labs program is currently under development.  To keep abreast of wider ESD developments, the Sustainability and Education Policy Network, an international sustainability education policy and practice network coordinated by the University of Saskatchewan’s Sustainability Education Research Institute is a good resource.

According to UNESCO (n.d.), ESD empowers learners to take informed decisions and responsible actions for environmental integrity, economic viability and a just society for present and future generations, while respecting cultural diversity. It is about lifelong learning and is an integral part of quality education. ESD is holistic and transformational education that addresses learning content and outcomes, pedagogy and the learning environment.

ESD is more than just providing students with information about sustainability. It is about providing opportunities to work collaboratively, to appreciate multiple perspectives, to be reflective, to think critically and creatively, and act constructively. In post-secondary institutions this requires developing curricula and pedagogy that will give students the skills and knowledge to live and work sustainably.

Additional resources

Content on this page has been adapted from: Winter, J, Sterling, S. and Cotton (2015).  7 Steps to Embedding Sustainability into Student Learning.  Educational Development, Plymouth University.


For additional questions or assistance, visit the Office of Sustainability's webpage or contact Aditi Garg, Educational Development Specialist.